368th Fighter Group
Silver Star Citations
1. Description: A gold star, 1 1/2 inches in circumscribing diameter with a laurel wreath encircling rays from the center and a 3/16 inch diameter silver star
superimposed in the center. The pendant is suspended from a rectangular shaped metal loop with rounded corners. The reverse has the inscription "FOR
GALLANTRY IN ACTION".

2. Ribbon: The ribbon is 1 3/8 inches wide and consists of the following stripes: 3/32 inch Ultramarine Blue 67118; 3/64 inch White 67101; 7/32 inch
Ultramarine Blue; 7/32 inch White; 7/32 inch Old Glory Red 67156 (center stripe); 7/32 inch White; 7/32 inch Ultramarine Blue; 3/64 inch White; and 3/32
inch Ultramarine Blue.

3. Criteria: The Silver Star is awarded to a person who, while serving in any capacity with the U.S. Army, is cited for gallantry in action against an enemy of
the United States while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force, or while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged
in armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party. The required gallantry, while of a lesser degree than
that required for award of the Distinguished Service Cross, must nevertheless have been performed with marked distinction. Soldiers who received a citation
for gallantry in action during World War I may apply to have the citation converted to the Silver Star Medal.

4. Components: The following are authorized components of the Silver Star Medal:

a. Decoration (regular size): MIL-D-3943/11. NSN for decoration set: 8455-00-269-5758. Individual medal: 8455-00-246-3834.

b. Decoration (miniature size): MIL-D-3943/11. NSN 8455-00-996-5013.

c. Ribbon: MIL-R-11589/136. NSN 8455-00-252-9953.

d. Lapel Button: MIL-L-11484/9. NSN 8455-00-253-0819.

5. Background: a. The Citation Star was established as a result of an Act of Congress on July 9, 1918 (65th Congress, Sess II, Chapter 143, page 873) and
was promulgated in War Department Bulletin No. 43 dated 1918. It was retroactive to include those cited for gallantry in action in previous campaigns back to
the Spanish-American War. Per letter from General Jervey, Office of the Chief of Staff, dated February 26, 1926, is quoted in part: The Secretary of War
directs as follows - The following is the amended version of paragraph 187 of Army Regulation: "No more than one Medal of Honor or one Distinguished
Service Cross or one Distinguished Service Medal shall be issued to any one person, but for each succeeding or act sufficient to justify the award of a Medal
of Honor or Distinguished Service Cross or Distinguished Service Medal, respectively, a bronze oak leaf cluster, shall be issued in lieu thereof; and for each
citation of an officer or enlisted man for gallantry in action, published in orders from headquarters of a force commanded by a general officer, not warranting
the issue of a Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Cross or Distinguished Service Medal, he shall wear a silver star, 3/16 inch in diameter, as prescribed in
Uniform Regulations." Army Regulation 600-40, paragraph 48, September 27, 1921, specified that the Citation Star would be worn above the clasp, on the
ribbon of the service medal for the campaign for service in which the citations were given.

b. On July 19, 1932, the Secretary of War approved the Silver Star medal to replace the Citation Star. This design placed the Citation Star on a bronze
pendant suspended from the ribbon design. The star was no longer attached to a service or campaign ribbon.

c. Authorization for the Silver Star was placed into law by an Act of Congress for the Navy on August 7, 1942 and an Act of Congress for the Army on
December 15, 1942. The primary reason for congressional authorization was the desire to award the medal to civilians as well as the Army. The current
statutory authorization for the Silver Star Medal is Title 10, United States Code, Section 3746.

d. Order of precedence and wear of decorations is contained in Army Regulation 670-1. Policy for awards, approving authority, supply, and issue of
decorations is contained in Army Regulation 600-8-22.
My goal is to add as many of the Silver Star citations as possible.  There were
23 Silver Stars awarded to members of the 368th FG as of 30May45.  More
were awarded at later dates, to include at least 3 in the last few years.
The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in
presenting the Silver Star to Lieutenant Colonel (Air Corps)
Paul Page Douglas, Jr. (AFSN: FR-8073/ASN:
0-432187), United States Army Air Forces, for conspicuous gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with
the NINTH Air Force in the European Theater of Operations on 6 October 1955. Lieutenant Colonel Douglas
demonstrated outstanding leadership on a group attack on a large number of hostile planes camouflaged in a field
near Cologne, Germany. Despite intense, accurate anti-aircraft fire he skillfully directed his men to the attack, and
although his own aircraft sustained serious battle damage he accounted personally for the destruction of six of the
grounded aircraft. Lieutenant Colonel Douglas' calm judgment and spirited leadership on this occasion are in
keeping with the highest traditions of the Armed Forces of the United States.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 289 (December 10, 1944)
The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of
a Second Award of the Silver Star to Lieutenant Colonel (Air Corps)
Paul Page Douglas, Jr. (AFSN: FR-8073/ASN: 0-432187), United States Army Air
Forces, for gallantry in action while serving with the 368th Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force on 13 April 1945. Lieutenant Colonel Douglas distinguished
himself by superior aerial proficiency and leadership while participating in aerial flight against the enemy in the vicinity of Jutebeg and Damm, Germany.
Despite heavy haze Lieutenant Colonel Douglas led repeated attacks on two enemy airfields in the face of concentrated enemy fire at both landing grounds.
The unusual courage and technical efficiency displayed by him resulted in a great blow to the enemy air forces. He personally destroyed seven aircraft and
damaged another while under his brilliant direction, 16 were destroyed by his squadron and an additional four were severely damaged. The excellent combat
record achieved by Lieutenant Colonel Douglas on this occasion reflects the highest distinction to himself and the Army Air Forces.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 126 (July 6, 1945)
The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Second Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster
in lieu of a Third Award of the Silver Star to Lieutenant Colonel (Air Corps)
Paul Page Douglas, Jr. (AFSN: FR-8073/ASN: 0-432187), United States Army
Air Forces, for gallantry in action while serving with the 368th Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force on 12 April 1945. Despite navigational difficulties presented by
adverse weather conditions, Lieutenant Colonel Douglas, while launching an assault against enemy airfields in the vicinity of Leipzig, Germany, distinguished
himself by outstanding courage and brilliant leadership. Although his own aircraft sustained severe damage from intense anti-aircraft fire, he determinedly
held his position in flight and directed attacks upon two airdromes, destroying seventeen of the seventy-three planes accountable to his squadron. During
the course of his daring attacks, Lieutenant Colonel Douglas silenced numerous gun positions, enabling his squadron to continue their mission unimpeded.
The superior airmanship and heroic devotion to duty displayed by Lieutenant Colonel Douglas on this occasion reflect great credit upon himself and are in
keeping with the highest traditions of the Army Air Forces.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 134 (July 16, 1945)
The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting
the Silver Star to Captain (Air Corps)
John W. Baer (ASN: 0-25684), United States Army Air Forces, for gallantry in action
against the enemy while serving as a Pilot of the 368th Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force, in action on 23 December 1944.
While he was leading a squadron of fighters in the area of Koblenz, Germany, Captain Baer observed a formation of more
than thirty-five FW 190's and ME 109's attacking three boxes of B-26's. Determined to protect the bombers, he directed his
squadron in a vigorous assault upon the enemy; and despite their numerical superiority Captain Baer made repeated
attacks, and by the force of these assaults nullified the enemy mission. By his unusual aerial proficiency Captain Baer
personally accounted for the destruction of two of the thirteen enemy planes destroyed by his squadron.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 43 (March 6, 1945)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Clifford L. Gamble, United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Silver Star
for conspicuous gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the NINTH Air Force in the European
Theater of Operations during World War II.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 289 (1944)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Robert D. Dicks, United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Silver Star for
conspicuous gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the NINTH Air Force in the European Theater of
Operations during World War II.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 65 (1945)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Eugene R. Smith, United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Silver Star for conspicuous
gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the NINTH Air Force in the European Theater of Operations during
World War II.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 37 (1945)
(395th FS)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Hugh P. Matthews, United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Silver Star for
conspicuous gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the NINTH Air Force in the European Theater of Operations
during World War II.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 37 (1945)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Dennis Crisp, United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Silver Star for conspicuous
gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the NINTH Air Force in the European Theater of Operations during
World War II.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 44 (1945)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Meredith W. Henry, United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Silver Star for
conspicuous gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the NINTH Air Force in the European Theater of
Operations during World War II.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 65 (1945)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Alfred E. Benton, United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Silver Star for
conspicuous gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the NINTH Air Force in the European Theater
of Operations during World War II.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 264 (1944)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Jerry B. Tullis, United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Silver Star for conspicuous gallantry
in action against the enemy while serving with the NINTH Air Force in the European Theater of Operations during World War II.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 43 (1945)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Joseph Gianeiti, Jr., United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Silver Star
for conspicuous gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the NINTH Air Force in the European
Theater of Operations during World War II.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 65 (1945)
(395th FS)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Frank S. Kerchner, United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Silver Star for
conspicuous gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the NINTH Air Force in the European Theater of Operations
during World War II.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 43 (1945)
(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Robert J. Martin, United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Silver Star for conspicuous
gallantry in action against the enemy while serving with the NINTH Air Force in the European Theater of Operations during World
War II.
General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 50 (1945)
The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the
Silver Star to
Richard Kik, Jr., O-745414, First Lieutenant, 395th Fighter Squardon, 368th Fighter Group.  On 12 August 1944,
Lt Kik participated in an attack against vitally important enemy installations in direct support of advancing allied ground forces.  
Shortly after attacking the objective his aircraft was badly damaged.  Displaying great skill and initiative he directed and escorted
on of his fellow pilots that was painfully wounded safely back to base.  The courage and devotion to duty displayed by Lt Kik on
this occassion reflect great credit upon himself and to the Army Air Force.

General Orders: Headquarters, 9th Air Force, General Orders No. 236, 7 October 1944.