368th Fighter Group
A Brief History & Time line of Major Events
June 1943
1st – 368th Fighter Group activated at Westover Field, Massachusetts.
LTC Gilbert L. Meyers appointed as Commander.
3rd - Original cadre is sent to Orlando, FL for training.

July 1943
6th – Cadre returns to Westover Field, Massachusetts.

August 1943
23rd - 395th and 396th Fighter Squadrons move to Republic Field, Farmingdale, Long Island, New York.  
Republic field could only accommodate 2 squadrons, the 397th Fighter Squadron moves to Mitchel Field,
Garden City, Long Island, New York 12 miles away.

September 1943
1st – Operational Training Program is initiated to prepare for overseas deployment.  

October 1943
Most of October 1943 is spent training for deployment, this included aerial gunnery training and practice.
6th – Capt Charles Rust is killed during a training mission due to a low speed stall.
24th – November 4th – 397th FS maintains a security alert for President Roosevelt during stay at his Hyde’s
Park home.

November 1943
Most of October 1943 is spent training for deployment, this included aerial gunnery training and practice.
Inspections were conducted by higher Headquarters to evaluate status for pending deployment.
3rd – Duke & Duchess of Windsor visits 1st Fighter Command HQ, the 368th FG flies a 48 plane formation in
honor of the visit.  The Duke meets with 397th Pilots after the Air Show.

December 1943
12th – Group completed required inspections in preparation for overseas deployment.
20th - Group moves to staging area at Camp Miles Standish, Massachusetts.
28th - Group boards SS Argentina at Boston Port of Embarkation.
29th – 1200 hrs - SS Argentina sails from Boston as part of one the largest convoys to cross the Atlantic.

January 1944
7th – SS Argentina arrives in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland.
12th – 1300 hrs - group disembarks from the SS Argentina at Gurlock, Scotland.
13th – Group arrives at RAF Station 485, Greenham Common (near Newbury), England.  368th is assigned to
the 71st Fighter Wing, 9th Tactical Air Command, 9th Air Force.
25th – Group receives their P-47 and begin “slow-timing” the aircraft to break them in.  Training resumes.
31st – Meyers, DeMeo, and squadron commanders report for temporary duty (TDY) with the 56th Fighter
Group to observe operations.

February 1944
13th – Pilots begin flying combat “introductory” missions with the 56th FG.
21st – Pilots and crews depart for the British School of Experimental Fighter-Bombing at Milfield, England.


March 1944
Group continues training in preparation for combat mission as a group, several pilots have already logged
combat time with other units, primarily the 56th FG.
1st – Col. Meyers led a six plane flight on a fighter-bomber attack in practice maneuvers with the 3rd
Armored Division.  These two unit would come to know each other well after the invasion.
3rd – Captains Henricks and Sparks depart on TDY with the 57th FG in Italy to fly dive-bombing missions.
8th – The group receives orders from 9th AF that the 368th FG was officially a combat unit and could receive
missions
9th – 368th FG receives orders for their first mission, but the mission was “scrubbed”.
14th – First operational combat mission as a group, a fighter sweep of the French coastin support of Medium
Bombers attacking the Criel area .
15th – Group moves to new home at RAF Station 404, Chilbolton, England.
16th – Fighter Sweep to Lille, France.  Six of the 48 planes to take off had to return due to faulty belly tanks.
17th – First escort mission carrying B-26’s to marshalling yards at Criel, France.
18th – Escort mission to Abbeville, France.
19th – Withdrawal support for Bombers.
20th – Escort B-26’s bombing V-1 “Noball” sites at Criel, France.
21st – No missions assigned.
22nd – Withdrawal escort of B-24’s returning from Germany.
23rd – Withdrawal escort of B-24’s from Nijmegen, Belgium.
24th – First dive bombing mission, Bernay St. Martin Airfield, France.
25th – Withdrawal support for B-26’s, first aerial combat with German aircraft, group returns with two
damaged aircraft.  Group claims are:  3 FW-190's destroyed (2 by Cpt Thomas Montag & 1 by Lt Leon
Myers) + 1 probable, and 5 damaged.
26th – Group dive-bombed a V-1 site NW of Saint-Saens, France.
27th – Escorted B-24’s to southern France, returned to base then  escorted B-24’s on a withdrawal support
mission.

April 1944
13th – Bombing by the group of a V-1 “Buzz-bomb” rocket site near Calais, France.
14th – First ground staffing attack mission.  Group destroys 9 locomotives and damages 4 others.
22nd – First mission into Germany with a fighter sweep reaching Duren-Bonn and Koblenz.
First pilot loss when Captain James Goodwin of the 395th FS did not return.

May 1944
1st – Pre-invasion attacks against marshalling yards.
2nd – Bombed marshalling yards at Toucoing, France with commendation for good work.
3rd – 4th – Crews remained on ground alert but no missions flown.
5th – Dive bomb marshalling yards at Somain, France.
7th – Dive bomb German positions near Namur, Belgium.
8th – Group flies a 600 miles round trip mission to bomb a rail bridge west of Sudan, France.
9th – Dive bombed flak positions at Calais in preparation for bombers attacking V-1 sites.
Second mission that day took the group back to attack V-1 sites.
10th – Escort mission scheduled but scrubbed.
11th -
12th – 1st mission was an escort for C-47’s to Veurne, Belgium and back, ?purpose, maybe to make the
Germans think it was a practice flight for future paratrooper drop.  2nd mission destroyed railroad bridge at
Namur.
13th – 14th – No missions flown.
15th – Chilbolton Field bombed by 2 German planes at 0210 destroying 2 planes damaging 11.
16th – 18th – No operational missions.
19th – Group attacks the Cambai-Epinoy Airdrome.
20th – Escort heavy bombers to target near Paris.
21st – Operation “Chatanooga Choo-Choo” begins – targeting  rail traffic.  Group destroys 10 locomotives
22nd – Escort B-26’s to French coast to bomb gun emplacements.  Group receives 2 new P-47D-25’s bought
buy war bond sales in Sherman County, Nebraska & Henderson County, Kentucky.
23rd – Escort mission scrubbed.
24th – Escort heavy bombers back to Paris area.  After escort group strafed 20 trains, destroying 15.
25th – Group destroys railway bridge at Hasselt, Belgium using a “glide bomb” technique.
26th – Attack on Saint-Ande-de-L’Eure Airdrome.
27th – Low level straffing missions ranging as far as Coblenz, 16 locomotives destroyed and
another 11  damaged by group.
27th - Experimental mission N.E. of Compeigne, France bombing with incendiary gas tank.  
This would later be known as Napalm.  This is the first documented use of Napalm.
29th –Escort heavy bombers to Hanover, Germany and back.  Longest mission on record for group
30th –In one mission, group destroys 2 bridges across Seine River at Pont-de-L’Arche & Elbeuf,  severely
damages another Le Manoir.


June 1944
3rd – Group attacks munitions dump at Domfront.
Lt Clarence “Stud” Staton, 395th, comes back with pieces of railroad ties in his cowling and engine.
4th – Two bridges over Seine River destroyed.
6th & 7th -  Operation Overlord (D-Day)
– 365th, 366th, & 368th Fighter Groups are assigned Omaha Beach sector.   
– 395th FS Planes took off at apx. 0430 headed for Normandy for the 1st of many missions that day.
-  The 368th Fighter Group totals 289 individual sorties and
398 vehicles destroyed.
7th – Group flies armed reconnaissance missions from 0400 to midnight.
The group blasted enemy positions and any traffic on road or rail.
Commander of Panzer Lehr Division described the road from Vire to Beny Bocage as a
“Jabo Rennstrecke” or Fighter-Bomber racecourse.

8th– General Montgomery writes: “The rehabilitation of Omaha Beach was due almost entirely to the
continuing close support given by three fighter-bomber groups of the IX TAC, LTC Holt’s 366th, COL Meyer’
s 368th, COL Call’s 365th.  The fighter-bombers maintained continuous armed reconnaissance over the
beach…”
Commendation from LTG Brereton to MG Quesada: “Groups of your command furnished close and
continuous support to the Omaha Beachhead area.  The situation there was critical.  The excellent attacks and
continuous support rendered restored a delicate situation.”
MG Quesada wrote back to LTG Brereton: ”It is possible, if not probable, that their efforts were in a large
part responsible for the attack on Omaha Beach continuing.  History may show they saved the day.”

9th – 816th Engineer Aviation Battalion lands at Omaha Beach and proceeds to Cardonville to
to build Strip A-3, the future home of 368th FG.
12th – Air echelon leaves for Southhampton to cross the channel to Normandy.
12th - Cpt Randall Hendricks 397th FS gets
4 FW-190's destroyed + 1 probable + 1 damaged, later he is
awarded the DSC for this action.
13th – Refueling on the continent – 1st group to land an operational mission in Normandy.
14th – Group begins setting up for ops at A-3 Cardonville.
368th FG begins using A-3 as a forward rearming / refueling base.
19th – 368th Planes move to Strip #3 (A-3) at Cardonville, Normandy, France.
The 368th is the first fighter group to be stationed and become operational on the continent.
20th – Operations against Cherbourg begin.
22nd – Group supports VII Corps assault on Cherbourg.
24th – Group dive bombs Mont Castre - La Mare es Canards Strong Point and scores 18 direct hits in the
target area.  Yank Magazine writes about groups mission and help with infantry drive.
29th – Dive bombed fort in Cherbourg Harbor which surrendered immediatley after attack.

July 1944
3rd-   Push south from Cherbourg begins.  368th continues armed recon missions and attacks strong points.
6th–  368th with other groups attack elements of 2nd SS Panzer Division spoiling planned counter attacks.
15th – Rail Bridge at Mastes-Gassicourt destroyed.
18th – Operation Goodwood – support breakout at Caen.
25th – Operation Cobra - support breakout at St. Lo.
26th – Group commences armored column cover for 2nd & 3rd Armored Division.
Flights of four P-47’s sweep areas in front of advancing armor columns.
368th leads four groups from the IX Tac sending out 25 of the 72 dispatched missions this day.            
26th – 27th – In these two days the group destroyed
107 tanks and 155 mechanized transports.
26th – 31st – The “Air-Tank Team” is developed and refined.   

August 1944
Like July August continues to be a very busy and fast paced month.  Lines were moving rapidly.
1st – Group continues support of the 3rd Armors drive – Weather was very poor and hindered missions, group
was able to claim 5 tanks destroyed and 3 damaged.
2nd – Poor weather delays mission take off until 1400.  Elements of 3rd Armored Division code named
“Poodle” was held up by AT guns in buildings northwest of Mortain.  The 368th responds to the call for help
and scored direct hits allowing armor column to continue drive forward.
4th – Lt. Col Henry Quimby, 395th FS Commander belly lands his damaged jug in a field near Caen.
5th – Poor weather continued but the 395th FS managed to destroy or damage several armored vehicles.  
Word arrives that Lt. Col Quimby was found by friendly troops and taken to an allied hospital with a broken
arm and a concussion, Capt. Montag is appointed acting commander 395th FS.
6th - Poor weather allows only one mission.
7th – Weather clears around noon and the 368th responds to calls by the 1st & 3rd Infantry to help repel a
German counterattack .  396th flight of 8 planes was bounced by 35 Me-109’s, Capt. Joe McLachlan on his
75th mission destroys one and Lt. Al Benton strikes the tail of an Me-109 with his prop while attacking.  The
German planes crashes and Benton makes it back to base with his damaged jug.
8th – The 395th FS is directed to targets by one of their own, “Noodles” Nolen had left 2 days earlier to ride
shotgun with the 3rd Armored Division lead tanks.
9th – Armored column cover continues, Lt Kik has a field day and destroys 4 trucks, a jeep, & an oil truck.
10th – Capt. Richard Leary was seriously injured while riding with the 3rd Armor by a German 88mm shell,
Leary was hospitalized in England for 2 months before he was able to return to the group.
11th – The move was underway to encircle the German 7th Army near Argentan, the 368th FG supports the
armor columns on the attack.
12th – Group destroys two AT guns being towed by ambulances near town of Ger.  Group bombs town of Ger
at request of advancing ground troops.
11th to 14th – Armored column cover continues, in the last few days the group destroys or damages 88 tanks,
392 motorized transports, and 3 supply dumps.  Group destroys 3 fuel dumps, 5 buildings, 10 gun positions,
and 1 German HQ.  Group attacks 6 German concentrations in wooded areas, and bombed 2 towns and 3
road junctions.
14th – None of this was without loss –
Cpt Thomas Montag, 395th FS & Lt Clarence “Big Olie” Olson, 396th FS are KIA.
16th & 17th - Falaise Pocket.
16th - Group destroys 16 tanks, damages 5 & destroys 53 other armored and motorized vehicles.
17th – Group destroys another 24 tanks, damages 6 more, destroys 37 trucks and damages 44 more.
20th– 395th FS hits a dock, ferry, & oil installation on the Lower Seine River, Lt Kik sinks 2 barges.
22nd – Group drops surrender leaflets as the Falaise Pocket is flattened.
24th – 28th– Great weather allows the group to fly dawn to dusk in support of the 3rd Armor, 368th claims
426 armored and motorized vehicles destroyed and 125 others damaged in four days.  In addition the group
destroyed several artillery pieces, 2 bridges, and flak positions.
25th – 368th delivers a final blow at Oissel, a partly repaired emergency rail bridge over the Seine River was
being used for vehicular traffic at time of attack.  This trapped the retreating German Army.  
Group destroys or damages 252 vehicles including many tanks.
27th – Group moves to Chartres, France (A-40).
28th – German routing continues, 396th gets 130 motorized transports on one mission!
29th – 30th – lousy weather keeps aircraft on ground.

September 1944
1st – passes to Paris begin.  Group dispatches 83 planes to provide armored column cover for the 3rd
Armored Division.  Group destroys 100 motor transports and 10 tanks.
3rd – While supporting 3rd Armored Division drive, group destroys 292 German vehicles in the vicinity of
Mons & Maubeuge, Belgium.  For this day the 368th FG was later awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation,
Designated the Presidential Unit Citation on 03Nov66.
4th - 397th FS strafed marshalling yards at Louvain, Belgium.
6th – Armed Recce missions in Nancy area.
8th – Group attacks fortified position around Brest.
9th – Group supports 3rd Armor Division drive near Liege, Belgium towards Aachen, Germany  destroying
111 trucks, 20 tanks, 3 locomotives, & 6 rail cars.  395th pilots Kik & Wayland on the attack knock out 19
vehicles.
10th – Group moves to Laon, France (A-69).
11th – 397th FS is  attacked by 40 BF-109’s over Eupen, 397th claims 6.  Tote Talbott attacks 20 Bf-109’s
preparing to attack his fellow pilots, shoots down 2 before he is shot down by 4 attacking planes, Talbott is
later awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.
12th - 368th Attacks German positions along the Siegfried Line, bombing tank traps,  dragons’ teeth,
observations posts, & flak guns south of Aachen.
13th – several planes leave for Burtonwood, England to have rocket tubes installed.
15th – 395th attacks positions around Maastricht & Aachen, Lt Gamble’s flight destroys 5 tanks.  Other
claims were 5 locomotives, 45 freight cars, & a 4 story factory.
16th – Escort B-26’s to bomb area around Metz, France.
17th – Group supports 4th Infantry & 5th Armored Divisions  in Cologne-Koblenz-Siegen area.
18th – 395th FS officially adopt the name “Panzer Dusters”, Sgt Robert Schink designed the logo.  Passes to
Reims begin, Champagne was abundant.
20th – Dive bombed targets in the Cologne-Koblenz area
21st – Flying support for VII Corp in the Cologne-Koblenz are concentrating on railway traffic and concrete
strong points.
22nd – Group assigned rail cut missions, 7 lines cut.  Later group flies a fighter sweep over Germany.
24th – Cold, windy, & rainy.
26th – Group flying in support of troop near Aachen, later missions included bombing an airbase near Bonn
and dropping surrender leaflets.
26th – Group had prepared to move to Le Culot, Belgium with the 365th FG, move was cancelled by Col
Meyers due to British Fighter Unit still occupying base,
28th – 2 group strength armed recces to Koln area.
29th – 2 group strength dive bombing missions to Roetgen in support of VII Corps.
30th – Only mission was a 2 plane “weather recce” – results:  weather was lousy.

October 1944
2nd – Group moves to Chievres, Belgium (A-84).
3rd – Armed Recce to Dusseldorf supporting 3rd Armor.
4th – Rail cuts east of the Ruhr.
6th – 2 group strength fighter sweeps over Duren-Dusseldorf, 1st mission uneventful, 2nd mission 35 planes
jump 50+German fighters scoring the  22 destroyed, 9 probable, 4 damaged near Breitscheid Aerodrome near
Aachen.
7th – Dive bombed targets for VII Corps marked by smoke Southeast of Aachen.
Commendation by VII Corps for support work.
8th – 10th Armed recce’s and dive bombing missions in support of VII Corps.
10th – Passes to Brussells begin.
11th – Bombing missions to Aachen, dive bombed road junctions & key buildings.
12th – German armor gathering for a counter attack on the 1st ID near Aachen attacked.
German strong points also bombed in Aachen area.  Surrender leaflets dropped.
13th – Continued support of troops advancing in Aachen.
14th -  V Corps receiving heavy artillery fire from Udenbreth.  Group attacks town of Udenbreth on request
of V Corps during drive south of Huertgen Forrest.  Intel reports nearly every building damaged or destroyed
in the town.
15th – Attacked targets in support of 28th Infantry Div. southeast of Aachen.
16th – Group grounded due to heavy rain.  News reports that Field Marshall Irwin Rommel had died of
“injuries received in Normandy from air attack”
17th – 18th – Continued rain keeps the group grounded for two more days.
19th – Group took off to attack rail yards in Hamm, returns due to bad weather.
20th – Group flies 6 missions in support of 9th Infantry Div of VII Corps.
21st – Armed recce’s to Heinsberg, Dusseldorf, Hitdorf, and Aachen.
22nd – 27th – Group ground for weather.
28th – Group back in the air dive bombing bridges and cutting rails.
29th – Group attacks targets in the Duren-Cologne area.
30th – 31st-  Grounded again for weather, again.

November 1944
1st – Col. Meyers is transferred to the IX TAC, Lt. Col Perego takes command of the 368th FG.
3rd – Group attack on fuel dump near Duren with good hits observed.
4th – 5 squadron missions supporting troops near the towns of Schmidt & Harscheidt.
5th – 2 group missions, 1st mission 71 planes sent to cut rail lines and rail bridges of the “Green System”,
next mission 36 planes attacked targets in the town of Hoff.
6th – 2 group missions attacking more rail lines of the” Green System”  
7th – Group attacks supply and ammo dumps in area near Bruck.
8th – 1st snow of the year, group attacks marshalling yards at Nettersheim & Mechernich.
9th – 10th – Weather kept the group grounded.
11th – Primary target was overcast, group attacks targets of opportunity dropping bombs on railroad tracks
near Euskirchen.
12th – 15th – Bad Weather keeps group on the ground.
16th – Operation Queen begins.  395th able to send out 16 planes despite terrible weather.
17th – More terrible weather.
18th – Six missions flown in support of 1st Infantry Division.
19th – Each Squadron flew 2 mission each in support of 1st Infantry drive.  395th FS downs 4 FW-190’s.
20th – Grounded again for lousy weather.
21st – Weather still lousy but 397th FS managed to get in one mission to Binsfeld.
23rd – Thanksgiving Day – No mission flown due to weather.
25th – Six missions flown in support of the 1st Infantry Division.
26th – More armed recce’s and dive bombing of smoke marked targets along the front.
27th – 28th – Continued support of the 1st Infantry Division.
29th – Escorted medium bombers to various targets.
30th – Back to supporting the 1st Infantry Division dive bombing and strafing targets.

December 1944
1st- Attack road and rail targets in support of 1st Infantry Division.
2nd – Attack strong point on hill southwest of Duren prior to infantry assault.  Other missions struck supply
routes and a fuel dump south of Duren.
3rd – Working with ground controllers group attacks targets marked by 1st Infantry Division.
4th – 396th & 397th FS flew 2 missions in support of the now familiar 1st Infantry, the 395th FS flew 2 armed
recce missions attacking  rail traffic.
5th – 6 missions in support of 1st ID’s drive towards Duren, 395th FS hits bridge north of Echtz.
6th – Each squadron flew a radio vectored blind bombing missions from 10,000’
7th – Fog kept the group grounded.
8th – 397th FS flies only mission, bombing mission to Zulpich, then fighter sweep.
9th – Heavy rain mixed with snow ground the group.
10th – 11th – Group supports 3rd Armor and the 9th Infantry Divisions.
12th – Blind bombing mission to Euskirchen, bombing from 15,000’
13th – More high altitude bombing, from 10,000’ & 15,000’
14th – Missions supporting the 8th & 78th Infantry Divisions, 3 395th FS planes dropped leaflets.
15th – More support missions for the 8th & 78th Infantry dropping bombs on Konzen and east of Julich.
16th - German Ardennes Offensive begins, later known as the Battle of the Bulge, 25 German Divisions attack
along a 60 mile front.  The extent of the offensive is not realized for a few days.
17th – Group dispatches 52 planes in support of the 106th Infantry and armed recces not knowing what the
“big picture” really was.  The Germans had sent out the Luftwaffe in force to keep the Jabos at bay.  The
368th claims 11 enemy aircraft destroyed this day, Capt. William Kerr downs  4 & damages another, later
Capt Kerr was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.   On the last mission of the day 16 planes of the
397th FS gets a call for urgent support of troops holding St. Vith.  They find a strong enemy column about a
mile from St. Vith with numerous tanks and trucks.  The 397th attacked decimating the advancing column
and preventing the capture of St. Vith.  Major Dick Leary made eight solo strafing passes under heavy AA fire
destroying several armored vehicles and was awarded the Silver Star.
18th – Despite lousy weather the squadrons were dispatched on urgent missions to help stop the
German advance near Stavelot, 368th flies 7  “volunteer only”  missions destroying 32 armored
vehicles and 56 trucks, with many others damaged.  The 396th FS led by Maj Dennis Crisp was commended
for destroying 14 tanks and damaging 16 others at Stavelot.  These tanks belonged to the  Panzer
Kampfgruppe Peiper slowing the advance of the German Offensive.
19th – Terrible fog and rain ground the planes.  IX TAC evacuates Verviers if the face of advancing German
troops.
20th – 22nd – Continued fog and rain keeps the group grounded.
23rd – 368th Fighter Group transferred to XIX TAC to support Gen. Patton and the 3rd Army.
Germans sent out the  Luftwaffe in force as weather clears, record day for the Group, 29 German aircraft
shot down, 5 probable, and 4 damaged. Lt. William Garry downs 4 and damages another, adding to his
previous victory was now an ace.  Lt. Garry destroyed one FW-190 by ramming the plane ripping the
Germans wing apart with his bomb shackles.
24th – Armed Recce’s in the Ardennes with good results.
25th – Christmas Day - 397th FS bombs Birgel, 395th & 396th FS attack troops and vehicles around St. Vith.
26th – Group is grounded due to bad weather, the 4th Armored Division links with elements of 101st Airborne
south of Bastogne.
27th – Group moves to Juvincourt, France and continues to support drive to besieged Bastogne.
28th – Bad weather again keeps the group on the ground.
29th – Armed recce’s to St. Vith & Wiltz.
30th – Armed Recce’s to Trier-Cochem-Koblenz areas.
31st – Back to Trier-Cochem-Koblenz with more recce missions.  Group prepares to for another move, this
time to Metz, France.

January 1945
1st – Advance echelon arrived at Strip Y-34, Metz, France early on New Years Day.  Germans launch
“Operation Bodenplatte” an all out air offensive against allied airfields.  30+ German fighters came in on the
deck and attacked Metz.  Several 395th FS aircraft are destroyed or seriously damaged along with 20+ P-47’
s belonging to the 365th FG.
2nd – Armed recce’s to Trier, Cochem, & Sinzig areas.  Group downs another 5 enemy aircraft.
3rd –  4th - Bad weather grounds the group.
5th – After armed recce’s the group lands at Metz.
6th – Lousy weather
7th - Non-operational day because of the weather. It was marked chiefly by the worst accident the group
would see during their 29-month operational tour. A German mine exploded in the 395th FS area. T/Sgt.
Joseph Michel and T/Sgt. Paul F. Tyler, both of the 45th Ordinance Bomb Disposal Squadron, were killed
instantly, flying fragments injured several 395th FS men who were on duty in the area at the time. Cpl.
Harold D. Farley lost an eye, and S/Sgt. William Demchuk was seriously injured by pieces of shrapnel which
entered his thigh and abdomen. Lesser shrapnel injuries were suffered by 1st Lt. Ralph C. Huebert, Jr., who
was hit in the shoulder, and Sgt's Joseph J. Hanson and Charles H. Richards, who were both struck in the
head by mine fragments."
8th – 9th - Heavy snow fall – no flying.
10th – Weather still bad but group managed some armed recce’s.
11th – 12th – Weather ground the group again.
13th – Armed recce’s to Bitburg, Saarbrucken, & Cochem.
14th – Dark day for 397th FS and 368th FG,   6 pilots reported MIA this day when 12 planes of the 397th FS
were bounced by 60 enemy fighters.
15th – After turning for home due to fumes in his cockpit 395th FS pilot Capt. Caldwell decided to drop his
bombs on  a bridge over the Moselle River NE of Trier.  He scored direct hits and dropped the center span.  
His impromptu bombing of the bridge made the Jan 21st edition of Stars & Stripes.
16th – Armed recce’s to Trier, Homburg, & Kaiserslautern.  
17th – 18th – Group is grounded due to bad weather.  Bastogne is officially considered secure – Germans
begin retreating from area.
19th – Group supports the 4th ID with armed recce’s of St. Vith.
20th – 21st – Snow keeps the group grounded once again.
22nd – German vehicles clobbered while attempting to retreat from the Ardennes.  415 motorized vehicles
destroyed with 177 damaged.  368th is again commended.
23rd – 24th Supporting the 4th ID the group destroys 102 motor transports, 6 tanks and several AA guns.
26th – Continued armed recce’s in support of the 4th ID advance.
27th – 28th – No missions flown due to poor weather.
29th – Armed recce’s over a wide area as far away as Frankfurt.
30th – 31st – Grounded again with poor weather.


February 1945
1st – No missions flown due to poor weather.
2nd – Armed recce’s to Wittlich, Koblenz, & Frankfurt areas attacking marshalling yards.
3rd – 5th – grounded again with lousy weather.
6th – Finally back in the air, 33 planes attack the Giebelstadt Airfield with frag bombs.
7th – Group grounded due to weather yet again.
8th – Armed recce’s along the XII Corps front.
9th – More armed recce’s.
10th – 395th FS hits and destroys the Bullay Rail Bridge between Trier and Koblenz.  The massive bridge had
been a key target attacked by bombers and fighter in the past without good result.
11th – Group attacks more bridges with good results.
12th – Grounded due to weather.
13th – Escort missions for C-47’s dropping supplies.  Air drops were being used due to the destruction of
roads and bridges.
14th – Group dispatched on several bombing missions along the front along with more escort missions for the
C-47’s.
15th – Group attacks targets for XX Corps.
16th – Group attacks targets for VIII Corps.  Group also flies “interference” missions into the Ruhr area
attacking flak positions ahead of medium bombers.
17th –18th -  rain and fog keep the group grounded.
19th – Group flies support missions for the XII and VIII Corps.
20th – Each squadron dispatches 16 planes in support of VII Corps.
21st – A busy day with 28 missions totaling 140 sorties flown in support of the XII Corps & 5th ID and units of
the VII Corps helping complete 3rd Army’s  breakthrough of the West Wall.
22nd – Group escorts medium bombers attacking targets in Western Germany.  Participated in Operation
Clarion, a theater wide air assault on rail and water transportation.
23rd – Targets attacked near Mannheim.  Continued support of advancing ground troops. Group flies 28
missions in Pruen-Bitburg Pocket with excellent results:56 tanks destroyed with 54 tanks damaged, 58
Armored vehicles destroyed with 47 damaged,262 motorized transports destroyed with 69 damaged, 30
buildings destroyed and 9 damaged,7 gun emplacements destroyed and 5 damaged, and 6 locomotives
destroyed or damaged.368th P-47’s are attacked by 15 FW-190D’s and 5 BF-109G’s with claims of 3
destroyed, 1 damaged,1 probable with the loss of one plane.
24th – 395th FS attacks and severely damages a rail bridge at Salmrohr.
25th – Group attacks targets in support of XII Corps.  397th FS finishes off the Salmrohr rail bridge.  45
tanks, 243 motorized transports, and 148 freight cars were the score for this date.
26th – 27th – Bad weather grounds the group.
28th – Group finishes the month by attacking targets marked by VIII Corps.


March 1945
March was an extremely busy month, each squadron normally flew 3 mission per day, taking off at 0500 and
returning from the last mission at 1900.  A breakdown by day would take pages of writing.
Here are some highlights:

1st – 395th FS Dive-bombs a fuel dump near Frankfurt.  396th FS flew support missions for VII Corps and
smashes an enemy armored column preparing to counter attack at Sefferwich.  397th FS flew support
missions for VIII  Corps.
2nd – Group flew its 1000th combat mission since beginning combat operations in ETO.
3rd – Three commendations from General Patton for support of his 3rd Army drive.
4th – 6th – Continued support of ground troops with numerous missions across the front
7th – 8th – group ground due to poor weather.
9th – Column cover for the 4th Armored Division despite lousy weather.
11th – 12th - Grounded due to weather, again.
14th – Anniversary of one year of combat operations in ETO, 10 German planes shot down!
18th – 12 missions with 128 sorties - Congratulations from General Weyland for a good days work including
305 motorized transports destroyed.
22nd – 9 mission for 122 sorties, including rail cuts.
24th – Record 23 missions and 184 sortie, the most  flown by a fighter group in one day.
This was done while supporting the 3rd Army crossing of the Rhine.
27 th – In support of ground troops crossing the Rhine 368th destroys 1 tank, 3 locomotives, 30 rail cars, 2
gun positions and211 motorized transports with another 45 motorized transports damaged.
Group ends March 1945 flying 2,362 Sorties, dropping 676 tons of bombs, and firing 778,700 rounds of .50
caliber supporting General Patton’s drive


April 1945
5th – Longest trip airborne on a mission for the group, 397th FS, 5 hours 8 minutes.
15th – Group moves to Frankfurt-Rhein-Main Airfield (Y73).
16th – Another record for the group, 57 enemy aircraft destroyed or damaged on the ground.
17th – Yet another record, 91 Locomotives destroyed or damaged.

May 1945
1st – No missions flown, advance echelon leaves for Station R-42 at Buchschwabach near Nuremburg.
2nd – Air patrols in Straubing area.  Radio announces the suicide death of Adolph Hitler.
3rd – Armed Recces in Eastern Austria and Tabor-Pilsen area of Czechoslovakia.
4th – Armed Recces south of Salzburg, Austria.
5th –Ground due to poor weather.
6th – Unofficial news that the German Army had surrendered.
7th – Uneventful fighter sweep near Passau-Cham.
8th – Official news that Germany had surrendered.
9th – Air Patrol in the Pilsen-Ling-Flatouy area with orders not to fire.
13th – Group completes move to Nuremburg and begins to settle in to “peace time” operations.

August 1945
1st – Group personnel are among 40,000 troops that enjoy a show with Bob Hope at the former Sportsplatz in
Nuremburg.
14th – Group moves to what will be it’s last base, Straubing AB, Germany.
Aircraft in the 368th FG inventory brought to Straubing AB included not only the P-47 but a C-47, L-4, L-5,
AT-16, UC-61, UC-78, BU-181, AT-6, & a B-26 Medium Bomber the group had acquired in June 1944 at A-3.
16th – President Truman announces that the Japs had capitulated in unconditional surrender.
20th – Most of the original cadre Officer & Enlisted of the 368th FG receive word they are going home.

November 1945
Lt. Col John Locke takes over as Commanding Officer with Maj John Baer remaining as Deputy CO and
Executive Officer.    Most of November is spent doing routine duties, VII Tac orders new colors painted to
aircraft, a red/yellow/red stripes painted around rear fuselage.

August 1946
20th - The 368th Fighter Group is officially deactivated, orders were cut transferring Lineage & Honors of
the 368th FG to the newly activated 136th Fighter Interceptor Group of the Texas Air National Guard.  The
136th is still an active unit of the TXANG.
Sources of information for this time line include:
368th Fighter Group Association.
Department of the Army and Air Force documents.
German Air Force documents and official records.
Second to None, The History of the 368th Fighter Group, Dr. Timothy Grace.
368th Fighter Group personnel interviews, papers, and official records.
Overlord; A History of General Quesada’s Tactical Air Force, Thomas Alexander Hughes.
The 9th Air Force in World War II, Kenn C. Rust.
Air Power for Patton’s Army, David N. Spires.
The Brereton Diaries, LTG Lewis H. Brereton.